为了在平等互利的基础上，正确地进行共同海损理算，以增强各国人民的友好关系，促进国际贸易与海洋运输的发展，中国国际贸易促进委员会制定本暂行规则，并设立海损理算处。 第一条 共同海损的范围 在海上运输中，船舶和货物等遭遇自然灾害、意外事故或其他特殊情况，为了解除共同危险，采取合理措施所引起的下列特殊损失和合理的额外费用，属于共同海损： 一、为了抢救船舶和货物等而造成的船、货等合理损失。 二、船舶驶入避难港的额外费用，在避难港额外停留期间的港口费用，以及事后载有原货物驶出的额外费用。 三、船舶由于驶往避难港而延长航程和在避难港额外停留期间支付的船员工资和给养，以及消耗的燃料和物料的费用。 四、救助费用、抢卸和重装货物等的费用以及其他额外费用。 由于本航程中的意外事故，为了安全地完成航程必须修理时，船舶在修理港合理停留期间必须支付的港口费用、船员工资和给养、消耗的燃料和物料费用，以及由于修理而卸载、重装和移动船上货物等所引起的费用和损失，在当前情况下可列入共同海损。 为了节省原应列入共同海损的费用而支付的费用，可以作为代替费用列入共同海损，这些费用，除经船、货双方同意的以外，不得超过被节省的费用。 除以上三款所列的损失和费用外，其他一切间接损失，包括由于迟延所引起的一切损失和费用，都不属于共同海损。 第二条 共同海损理算的原则 进行共同海损理算的原则是：在调查研究的基础上，明确，实事求是、公平合理地处理各项损失和费用的补偿和分摊。 提出共同海损理算要求的一方和其他有关各方，有举证的，证明其提出的损失或费用根据本规则的规定可列入共同海损。 对作为共同海损提出理算的案件，如果构成案件的事故确系运输契约一方不能免责的过失所引起，则不进行共同海损理算，但可根据具体情况，通过协商另作适当处理。 第三条 共同海损损失金额的计算 船舶、货物和运费的共同海损损失金额，按照下列标准计算： 一、船舶的损失金额，按照损失部分实际支付的合理修理费用（包括临时性修理费用、合理扣减后的换新费用）计算。如果船舶损失部分尚未进行修理，则按必要修理的合理估计费用计算。燃料、物料等损失按实际价值计算。 二、货物的损失金额，按照损失部分的到岸价格，减除由于损失无需支付的运费。如果遭受损失的残货已经出售，而受损程度无法确定，则按该货物的到岸价格与出售净得金额之间的差额计算。 三、运费的损失，按照货物遭受损失而引起的运费损失金额，减除由于损失无需支付的营运费用计算。 第四条 共同海损的分摊 共同海损的损失和费用，由各受益方根据各自的分摊价值比例分摊。 分摊价值按照下列标准计算： 一、船舶分摊价值，按照船舶在航程终止时的当地完好价值减除不属于共同海损的损失金额计算；或按照船舶在航程终止时的当地实际价值加上共同海损的损失金额计算。 二、货物分摊价值，按照货物的到岸价格，减除不属于共同海损的损失金额和承运人承担风险的运费计算。 未经申报的货物或谎报的货物，应按实际价值参加分摊；如果这些货物遭受损失，不得列入共同海损。 旅客行李和个人物品，除特殊情况外，不参加共同海损分摊。 三、运费分摊价值，按照承运人承担风险并于事后收得的运费，根据共同海损事故发生时尚未完成的航程，作相应比例的扣减，加上列入共同海损的运费损失金额计算。 第五条 利息和手续费 对共同海损的损失和费用，给予年利百分之七的利息。利息计算至共同海损理算书编就之日为止。 对垫付的共同海损费用，除船员工资、给养、燃料、物料外，给予百分之二的手续费。 第六条 共同海损担保 为了保证分摊共同海损，经有关方的要求，各分摊方应提供共同海损担保。共同海损担保，可以提供可靠的担保函，也可以提供保证金。如果提供保证金，除各有关方另有协议者外，应交由理算处以保管人的名义存入银行。保证金的使用，由理算处决定。保证金的提供、使用或退还，不影响各分摊方的最终分摊。 第七条 共同海损时限 为了维护各有关方的利益，尽快完成共同海损案件的理算，各有关方在共同海损事故发生后应及时办理必要的事项，并按照下列期限宣布共同海损和向理算处提供有关材料： 一、宣布共同海损：船舶在海上发生事故，不迟于到达第一个港口后的四十八小时；船舶在港内发生事故，不迟于事故发生后的四十八小时。 二、提供有关材料：有关共同海损事故和损失的证明材料，在有关方收到后一个月以内，但全部材料不迟于航程结束后一年。 如有特殊情况，在上述期限内向理算处提出理由，经理算处同意，可以适当延长。 如果有关方不按上述规定办理，理算处可以根据情况，不予理算；或根据已有材料进行理算。 第八条 共同海损理算的简化 为了减轻各有关方的负担，提高工作效率，共同海损理算应尽量简化，避免繁琐的手续和计算；理算书应力求简明扼要，便于执行。 对于案情简单的案件，可以作简易理算。 对于共同海损金额较小的案件，经征得主要有关方的同意，可以不进行理算。 INTERIM RULES FOR GENERAL AVERAGE ADJUSTMENT OF THE CHINA COUNCIL FPROMOTION OF INTERNATIONAL TRADE (KNOWN AS BEIJING RULES FORADJUSTMENT, FOR SHORT) Important Notice: (注意事项) 英文本源自中华人民共和国务院法制局编译, 中国法制出版社出版《中华人民共和国涉外法规汇编》(1991年7月版). 当发生歧意时, 应以法律法规颁布单位发布的中文原文为准.This English document is coming from the "LAWS AND REGULATIONS OF THEPEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA GOVERNING FOREIGN-RELATED MATTERS" (1991.7)which is compiled by the Brueau of Legislative Affairs of the StateCouncil of the People's Republic of China, and is published by the ChinaLegal System Publishing case of discrepancy, the original version in Chinese shall prevail. Whole Document (法规)INTERIM RULES FOR GENERAL AVERAGE ADJUSTMENT OF THE CHINA COUNCIL FOR THEPROMOTION OF INTERNATIONAL TRADE KNOWN AS BEIJING RULES FORADJUSTMENT, FOR SHORT(Promulgated on January 1, 1975)With a view to dealing properly with general average adjustment on thebasis of equality and mutual benefit so as to enhance friendly relationsamong peoples of different countries and promote the development ofinternational trade and marine transport, the China Council for thePromotion of International Trade has formulated the present Interim Rulesand set up the Department for Average Adjustment. Article 1 Scope of general e following extraordinary loss of damage and reasonable extra expensesarising from measures properly taken for relieving a ship, cargo, om common danger caused by natural calamities, accidents and/or otherextraordinary circumstances in marine transport shall fall within thescope of general average:1. loss of damage reasonably caused to the ship, cargo, etc. for rescuingthe same from danger;2. extra expenses incurred by the ship for entering a port of refuge, portcharges incurred during the extra period of the ship's staying in a portof refuge and extra expenses for the ship's leaving the port of refugesubsequently with her original cargo;3. crew's wages and maintenance incurred as well as fuel and storesconsumed during the prolongation of the voyage occasioned by the shipproceeding to a port of refuge and during the extra period of the ship'sstay in a port of refuge;4. salvage expenses, expenses for forced discharge and reloading of thecargo, etc. and other extra ere the ship needs repairs for the safe completion of the voyage inconsequence of damage caused by an accident during the voyage, the portcharges, crew's wages and maintenance and fuel and stores necessarilyincurred or consumed during the reasonable period of detention of the shipin the port of repair, as well as the expenses and loss or damage arisingfrom such discharging, reloading and handling on board of the cargo, are required for the repairs, may under the present circumstances beadmitted as general ere any expense is incurred to save another expense which would havebeen admissible in general average, such expense may be allowed in generalaverage as a substituted expenses. Unless otherwise agreed upon by andbetween the ship and cargo interests, the amount so allowable shall notexceed the amount of the expense saved. With the exception of loss ordamage and expenses referred to in the above three paragraphs, any otherindirect loss, including loss or damage and expenses through delay, shallnot fall within the scope of general average. Article 2 Principle of adjusting general e principle of general average adjustment is the ascertainment ofliability on the basis of investigation and study and dealing with thecompensation for and contribution to various losses and expenses fairly,reasonably and in a truth-seeking e onus of proof shall be upon the party applying for general averageadjustment as well as the other parties concerned to show that theirrespective loss or damage and expenses claimed for are allowable asgeneral average according to the provisions of the the event giving rise to a claim submitted for adjustment as generalaverage is due to a fault of one of the parties to the contract ofaffreightment, for which he is not entitled to exemption from liability,no general average adjustment shall be proceeded with, but the case may beotherwise appropriately dealt with through consultation according to thecircumstances involved. Article 3 Computation of amount of general average loss or e amount to be admitted as general average for loss or damage to theship, cargo and freight shall be computed on the following basis:1. The amount allowable for loss or damage to the ship shall be computedin accordance with the actual reasonable cost of repairing such damage,including cost of temporary repairs and of replacements subject toreasonable deductions in respect of "wear and tear" Where no repairs havebeen effected, computation shall be made in accordance with the reasonablyestimated cost of necessary repairs. The amount allowable for loss of ordamage to fuel and stores, etc. shall be computed on the basis of theiractual values.2. The amount allowable for loss of or damage to the cargo shall becomputed on the basis of the CIF value, less the freight which would havebeen incurred but for such loss or damage. Where the cargo so damaged issold and it is impossible to ascertain the extent of the damage, theamount shall be computed on the basis of the difference between the CIFvalue and the net proceeds of sale.3. The amount allowable for loss of freight shall be computed on the basisof the freight lost owing to the loss of, or damage to, the cargo, lessthe operating costs of the ship, which would have been incurred but forsuch loss of damage. Article 4 Contribution to general neral average loss or damage and expenses shall be contributed to by thebenefited interests in proportion to their respective contributory e contributory value shall be computed on the following basis:1. The contributory value of the ship shall be computed either inaccordance with the value of the ship in sound condition at the time andplace of the termination of the voyage, less the amount of loss or damagenot allowable in general average, or in accordance with the actual netvalue of the ship at the time and place of the termination of the voyage,plus the amount allowable in general average.2. The contributory value of the cargo shall be computed on the basis ofthe CIF values, less the amount of loss or damage not allowable in generalaverage and the freight at the risk of the declared or falsely declared cargo shall contribute on the actual value,but loss of or damage to such cargo, if any, shall not be admitted asgeneral average. Passengers' luggage and personal effects shall notcontribute to general average except under extraordinary circumstances.3. The contributory value of the freight shall be computed on the basis ofthe freight at the risk of the carrier and subsequently earned, subject toa deduction corresponding to the extent of the voyage still uncompleted atthe time of the accident giving rise to general average, plus the amountof loss of freight allowable in general average. Article 5 Interest and erest shall be allowed on general average loss or damage and expensesat the rate of 7% per annum until the date of the completion of thegeneral average adjustment.A commission of 2% shall be allowed on general average expenses other thancrew's wages and maintenance and fuel and stores. Article 6 General average e contributing parties shall, at the request of the parties concerned,provide a security to ensure the contribution to general average. Suchsecurity may be in the form of a reliable letter of guarantee or a cashdeposit. Where a cash deposit is provided, the same shall be paid into anaccount in a bank in the name of the Department for Average Adjustmentunless otherwise agreed upon by and between the parties concerned. Any useof the cash deposit shall be decided by the Department for AverageAdjustment. The provision, use and refund of the cash deposit shall bewithout prejudice to the ultimate liability of the contributing parties. Article 7 Time limit of general r the purpose of safeguarding the interests of all parties concerned andcompleting the adjustment of general average as promptly as possible, allparties shall, upon the occurrence of the accident giving rise to generalaverage, do everything necessary in time and declare general average andprovide the Department for Average Adjustment with relevant materialswithin the following time limits:1. Declaration of General AverageWithin 48 hours upon the ship's arrival in the first port after theaccident, if it has occurred at sea, or within 48 hours after theaccident, if it has occurred in a port.2. Provision of relevant materials For documentary evidence pertaining tothe occurrence of general average and general average loss or damage,within one month after receipt thereof by the claiming party, but allmaterials shall in any case be provided within one year of the completionof the case of extraordinary circumstances the above time limits may beappropriately extended, provided a reason for extension has been givenwithin the respective time limits to the Department for Average Adjustmentand its approval obtained. In case of failure to observe the abovestipulations on the part of any of the parties concerned, the Departmentfor Average Adjustment may either decline to proceed with adjustment oradjust the case on the basis of the materials in its possession. Article 8 Simplification of adjustment of general th a view to lightening the burden of all parties concerned andimproving working efficiency, the adjustment of general average shall bemade as simple as possible; unduly complicated procedures and calculationsshall be avoided; adjustment shall be made as clear and concise aspossible and easy to mmary adjustment may be applied in simple r cases in which the amount involved is small, adjustment may bedispensed with if consent has been obtained from the principal partiesconcerned.